See Article History Alternative Title: Rosalind Elsie Franklin Rosalind Franklin, in full Rosalind Elsie Franklin, born July 25,LondonEngland—died April 16,LondonBritish scientist best known for her contributions to the discovery of the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNAa constituent of chromosomes that serves to encode genetic information.
Lived — Her father was Ellis Arthur Franklin, an investment banker; and her mother was Muriel Frances Waley, daughter of a lawyer. Rosalind was the second of their five children.
Her mother did charitable work helping the elderly, the unemployed, and unmarried mothers. Rosalind was educated at private schools, where her outstanding intellect was soon identified. Her parents encouraged all of their children to have their own opinions and to discuss and debate the issues of the time.
Rosalind could debate with unusual vehemence, and would continue to do so in adulthood.
Her scientific talents were exceptional, she was skilled at sports, and strong in languages — learning Latin, German, and French. She worked very hard.
Topics included quantum theory, subatomic energy, and group theory — rather advanced reading for a year-old. Rosalind already sensed that her destiny lay in physical science.
She formed some enduring friendships at school, but was otherwise shy and she could be problematic with others, including her teachers. Rosalind left school inby which time there was a growing acceptance in the UK that a war with Nazi Germany was likely.
When Rosalind won a university scholarship, she donated it to a refugee student. Before beginning university, she abandoned any spiritual adherence to Judaism, but not her cultural affinity.
Blunt as ever, she made a complaint about the standard of chemistry lectures. Her complaint was effective and the lectures improved. By the time her second year at Cambridge was due to start, the war in Europe had begun. Her father at first refused to pay for her second year, pleading with her to postpone her education and get involved with the war effort.
His wife persuaded him to relent. After three years at Cambridge, Franklin sat her final exams. She graduated with second class honors, a result which disappointed her. The outcome was no surprise to Fred Dainton, her supervisor.
Although her natural ability was very high, Franklin was a perfectionist. She spent too much time composing perfect answers to the first questions in exams, leaving too little time to complete the whole exam to the same standard. Nevertheless, Franklin was told privately that she had come top in physical chemistry, and she was awarded a research fellowship.
She began graduate work researching the speed of polymerization reactions.Rosalind Franklin (Scientists Who Made History) [Cath Senker] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Describes the life and career of Rosalind Franklin, a British molecular biologist who played a vital role in the discovery of the structure of DNA. Born 15 Jul quotes American mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in for his work in topology and dynamical systems. One of his studies () was on the generalised Poincaré conjecture, a famous problem of 20th-century, which asserts that a simply connected closed 3-dimensional manifold is a 3-dimensional sphere.
Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb [William Lanouette, Bela Silard] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Leo Szilard has long been overshadowed by such luminaries as Einstein, Oppenheimer, and Enrico Fermi—with whom he codesigned the first nuclear reactor in A shy.
Rosalind Franklin was such a strong, ambitious, hardworking scientist that made the discovery of DNA structure possible despite the prejudices that made her contribution unlikely.
Ginger Rogers was born Virginia Katherine McMath in Independence, Missouri on July 16, Her mother, known as Lelee, went to Independence to have Ginger away from her husband.
Aristotle ( – BC) Greek scientist who made investigations and discoveries in the natural sciences including botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology and geometry.
His prolific output had a significant impact on the study of science in the West.