The Truman Doctrine overturned the Monroe Doctrine absolutely: We must take immediate and resolute action. In this way, the Truman Doctrine led directly to the Marshall Plan — the plan to contain communism by helping the economies of Europe to get going again — which was ratified by Congress in
But some of you may have grown up with different versions. You should feel free to disagree with this account. But remember, historical arguments must be based on evidence. Under President Harry Truman, the United States had established a foreign policy doctrine called "containment.
This doctrine led directly to the Vietnam war. That the Soviet Union was always expansionist--the Soviet Union, "animated by a new fanatic faith," was determined "to impose its absolute authority on the rest of the world.
That any new communist governments would inevitably be part of Soviet "empire"--in the doctrine of "containment" there could be no such thing as a "nonaligned nation. It must be either part of the Soviet empire or what we would probably then have to call the "American empire.
That communism, and the Soviet Union, must be contained. The doctrine of containment argued that all-out war should be avoided, but the US should pledge itself to stopping any new communist governments, or preventing any existing communist governments from expanding. There was clearly a simplistic, "us vs.
The general premise of "containment" was that there could be no communist government which was not a tool of Moscow--all communist governments were part of the Soviet domain.
Was this a realistic assessment? The Soviet Union had certainly acted in an expansionist way in the past. And officially, the Soviet Union was committed to the worldwide spread of communism.
With a new nuclear capability and a vast army, the Soviet Union appeared to be--and often declared itself--a dangerous potential enemy of the United States.
What's much more relevant here is the assumption that all nations must be aligned with either the US or the USSR, and that there could be no communist nation which was not also a pawn of the Soviets.
China was also a communist nation afterbut this had failed to override thousands of years of enmity between Russia and China, two very different cultures with a long history of struggle over their borders.
By the 50s, the Chinese were as anxious about the Russians as they were about the US. The United States feared the global spread of communism, but the doctrine of containment made it difficult to see nations as distinct, as places with different cultures, different problems, different histories.
In this respect we can see Vietnam as an example of containment's failure. Vietnam is a beautiful, highly varied country with a very long history of struggle for independence.
For thousands of years, the Vietnamese had fought to preserve their distinct language and culture against invaders--repelling first the Chinese, the Japanese, the French and then finally the US. Few arguments about the Vietnam war, concluded the writer Nguyen Ba Chung"take into account all aspects of Vietnam's two thousand year history of hard-fought existence.
And that, I believe, is the essence of the Vietnam tragedy. French influence had been most pronounced in the South of Vietnam, especially in Saigon. But well before W. II Vietnamese nationalists lead by Ho Chi Minh had fought and agitated for the withdrawal of the French and for Vietnamese independence.
He was an avowed communist, but also a believer in western style democracy and the American virtues of free speech. At heart he was a nationalist land reformer, primarily concerned with restoring Vietnam to the Vietnamese.The Truman Doctrine was the result of President Truman's attempt to prevent the spread of communism after World War II.
The basis of this doctrine was from a magazine article written by George. Making Vietnam History Joseph J.
Dec 23, · The Impact of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan on the Cold War I believe to partial extent that the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan caused the Cold War. Both documents made interference in Europe and other countries. The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in Korea and Vietnam. The aftermath of World War II inspired the U.S. to issue a proclamation that would stem Communist influence throughout the world. The Truman Doctrine Background, Truman's Speech to Congress, Results. The Truman Doctrine and Containment (= Results of the Truman Doctrine) Truman’s Speech was an event of immense importance in the Cold War, and it set out many of the principles by which the USA was to fight the Cold War for the next 30 years. It would be an.
Ellis Reviews in American History, Volume 28, Number 4, December , pp. the Cold War has provided a fresh perspective from which to view Vietnam as an episode in that larger struggle, in part because both domestic and foreign Truman years.
Both the Truman Doctrine () and the creedal Cold War. The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in Korea and Vietnam.
The aftermath of World War II inspired the U.S. to issue a proclamation that would stem Communist influence throughout the world. The Truman Doctrine was a key part of the Cold War, both in how this conflict of posturing and puppets began, and how it developed over the years.
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David Kaiser. American Tragedy: Kennedy, Johnson, and the Origins of the Vietnam War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. Notes, index, illustrations, and maps. $ For those of us old enough to retain vivid memories of the conflict, the Vietnam War will always remain too recent.