This paper is an opportunity to reflect on everything you learned. It is also an opportunity to examine yourself as a potential counselor.
Introduction Empirical scientific research within the social science tradition is often seen in favour of using objective, quantitative measurement, since social research intends to duplicate the way of carrying out research within the natural science tradition.
According to this paradigm social reality is to be understood as an objective entity, and it is the job of the scientist to uncover this entity bit by bit—to go out and find the truth.
Data about some phenomena is unconnected to the researcher, who is collecting them—they were there before he came and they will be there to be collected by some other researcher afterwards.
Another thing is that one can question the prerequisite of social reality studied as "objective truth", since in fact what we believe to be "the truth" seems to have changed over time.
Furthermore, there is the question of the scientist's ability to exhibit objectivity when collecting data, since the specific ideas and beliefs predominant in the society to which the scientist belongs, will affect or even determine "the kind of truth" he discovers.
This paradigm is described using words as post-positivistic, phenomenological, post-modern, etc. To study life worlds instead of an objective reality also suggests another method of research with an interpretative approach—qualitative research method.
The implication is that social research will benefit from being performed as field research BURGESS based on interaction between the researcher and the individuals studied. In comparison, the researcher carrying out quantitative research will ask how many?
Why are women more sceptical of the EU than men? The exact period where many archives were established—e. In fact, the entire practice of archiving data seems to have matured in line with the logic and techniques of quantitative research method.
Viewed in this perspective, our practice has overlooked research strategies within social science not constituted of numerical measurements. The outcome is that vast amounts of Danish research data has been neglected. Data archives all over the world have become aware of this fact and have taken initiatives to compensate for this development—most known is properly ESRC Qualitative Data Resource Centre, Qualidatain the UK.
The Qualitative Research Process Below is a description of the research process when using qualitative method.
It should be derivable from this description how the role of qualitative researcher differs from the role of the quantitative researcher. This split is not made to imply that researchers ought to work in this orderly progressing way—in fact this is probably impossible.
The answers to these questions will become the background for carrying on with fieldwork, analysis and reporting. Here I will relate to interviews as technique for data collection, because it is our belief at the DDA that this is the most widespread technique.
KVALE provides the following definition for the qualitative research interview: The argumentation is very simple, since conversation is the common technique we all use to learn about phenomena in our world this technique could obviously be used for research purposes, too.
What is the time schedule and how do the different steps interrelate? When the chosen technique is interviews, designing the research project will be to determine which kind of interviews to use—personal, collective focus groupexpert, etc.
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