Community Development is multidisciplinary in nature.
Risk mitigation[ edit ] Risk mitigation, the second process according to SPthe third according to ISO of risk management, involves prioritizing, evaluating, and implementing the appropriate risk-reducing controls recommended from the risk assessment process.
ISO framework[ edit ] The risk treatment process aim at selecting security measures to: There are some list to select appropriate security measures,  but is up to the single organization to choose the most appropriate one according to its business strategy, constraints of the environment and circumstances.
The choice should be rational and documented. The importance of accepting a risk that is too costly to reduce is very high and led to the fact that risk acceptance is considered a separate process. Another option is to outsource the risk to somebody more efficient to manage the risk.
For example, the choice of not storing sensitive information about customers can be an avoidance for the risk that customer data can be stolen. The residual risks, i. If the residual risk is unacceptable, the risk treatment process should be iterated.
To accept the potential risk and continue operating the IT system or to implement controls to lower the risk to an acceptable level Risk Avoidance. To manage risk by developing a risk mitigation plan that prioritizes, implements, and maintains controls Research and Acknowledgement.
To lower the risk of loss by acknowledging the vulnerability or flaw and researching controls to correct the vulnerability Risk Transference. To transfer the risk by using other options to compensate for the loss, such as purchasing insurance.
Address the greatest risks and strive for sufficient risk mitigation at the lowest cost, with minimal impact on other mission capabilities: Its purpose is to establish a common understanding of all aspect of risk among all the organization's stakeholder.
Establishing a common understanding is important, since it influences decisions to be taken. The Risk Reduction Overview method  is specifically designed for this process. It presents a comprehensible overview of the coherence of risks, measures and residual risks to achieve this common understanding.
Risk monitoring and review[ edit ] Risk management is an ongoing, never ending process. Within this process implemented security measures are regularly monitored and reviewed to ensure that they work as planned and that changes in the environment rendered them ineffective.
Business requirements, vulnerabilities and threats can change over the time. Regular audits should be scheduled and should be conducted by an independent party, i.
IT evaluation and assessment[ edit ] Security controls should be validated. Technical controls are possible complex systems that are to tested and verified.
The hardest part to validate is people knowledge of procedural controls and the effectiveness of the real application in daily business of the security procedures. Information technology security audit is an organizational and procedural control with the aim of evaluating security.
The IT systems of most organization are evolving quite rapidly. Risk management should cope with these changes through change authorization after risk re evaluation of the affected systems and processes and periodically review the risks and mitigation actions.
It is important to monitor the new vulnerabilities, apply procedural and technical security controls like regularly updating softwareand evaluate other kinds of controls to deal with zero-day attacks.
The attitude of involved people to benchmark against best practice and follow the seminars of professional associations in the sector are factors to assure the state of art of an organization IT risk management practice.
Integrating risk management into system development life cycle[ edit ] Effective risk management must be totally integrated into the SDLC.
The risk management methodology is the same regardless of the SDLC phase for which the assessment is being conducted.
Risk management is an iterative process that can be performed during each major phase of the SDLC. Initiation The need for an IT system is expressed and the purpose and scope of the IT system is documented Identified risks are used to support the development of the system requirements, including security requirements, and a security concept of operations strategy Phase 2: Development or Acquisition The IT system is designed, purchased, programmed, developed, or otherwise constructed The risks identified during this phase can be used to support the security analyses of the IT system that may lead to architecture and design tradeoffs during system development Phase 3: Implementation The system security features should be configured, enabled, tested, and verified The risk management process supports the assessment of the system implementation against its requirements and within its modeled operational environment.
Decisions regarding risks identified must be made prior to system operation Phase 4: Operation or Maintenance The system performs its functions. Typically the system is being modified on an ongoing basis through the addition of hardware and software and by changes to organizational processes, policies, and procedures Risk management activities are performed for periodic system reauthorization or reaccreditation or whenever major changes are made to an IT system in its operational, production environment e.
Disposal This phase may involve the disposition of information, hardware, and software. Activities may include moving, archiving, discarding, or destroying information and sanitizing the hardware and software Risk management activities are performed for system components that will be disposed of or replaced to ensure that the hardware and software are properly disposed of, that residual data is appropriately handled, and that system migration is conducted in a secure and systematic manner NIST SP  is devoted to this topic.
Early integration of security in the SDLC enables agencies to maximize return on investment in their security programs, through: This guide  focuses on the information security components of the SDLC.
First, descriptions of the key security roles and responsibilities that are needed in most information system developments are provided. The document integrates the security steps into the linear, sequential a.Procurement Framework The World Bank's Procurement Framework was approved by World Bank Board on July 21, to modernize the procurement policy and maximize the strategic role of procurement in achieving key development effectiveness goals.
Mandatory for all lending operations after July 1, , the new Framework emphasizes flexibility, quality, and greater value for public. Building a National Framework for the Establishment of Regulatory Science for Building a National Framework for the Establishment of Regulatory Science for Drug Development: Workshop Summary.
Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Visualization of how the current drug development model is growing disaggregated . The Policy Governance Framework is a part of a structured hierarchy that governs University activities by: Ensuring a University-wide approach to the development, establishment, review and communication of policies to ensure relevance, objectivity and consistency with internal and external regulations.
4 Governance for Sustainable Development resources, stresses on citizen security, and environmental sustainability. The quality of governance plays a defining role in supporting the pillars outlined in ‘Realizing the Future We Want for All’1, which advocates for an approach to the post development framework that is based on: (1).
The establishment of development zones across the Corridor will provide a focus for organising the delivery of these new places. Joint ventures will be formed to encourage development interests to work The A96 Growth Corridor Development Framework provides a context for creating attractive places to live, visit, learn and earn.
A choice of. NCBI Bookshelf.
A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Building a National Framework for the Establishment of Regulatory Science for Drug Development. Workshop Summary. Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation.
Development, and Translation, Institute of.