See Article History Alternative Title: Salvador Allende of Chile on September 11, During his dictatorial reign tens of thousands of opponents of his regime were tortured. Pinochet, a graduate of the military academy in Santiagowas a career military officer who was appointed army commander in chief by President Allende 18 days before the coup, which he planned and led.
Career[ change change source ] Pinochet was a high ranking general in the Chilean Army in the early s. InAllende was narrowly elected in a close three way race. Western countries like the United States were concerned about Allende, who supported the Soviet Union and had been given soldiers and weapons by Cuba.
The Chilean economy was in bad shape byand it appeared that Allende was trying to become a permanent ruler of Chile. Allende committed suicide, and Pinochet took power as the leader of a military council known as a junta. The junta began cracking down on Allende supporters.
About 3, Chilean people died because of Pinochet's rule and many other people were tortured. Many of the people that died during Pinochet's rule were communists, however, some of Pinochet's supporters died as well.
The first days of his rule saw the most deaths, and in the weeks after the coup, Allende supporters were arrested and locked in a football stadium in Santiago.
Most were released a few months later. Pinochet introduced many neoliberal free market policiesbringing growth and great economic progress to Chile. He was influenced by the ideas of Milton Friedman. Ina pebiscite was held and Pinochet was kept in power. The government of the United Kingdom was also pro-Pinochet.
Inthere was a plebiscite in Chile. The people were asked whether Pinochet should rule for another eight and a half years. Pinochet, under pressure from other countries, was forced to accept the results, and stepped down from power in Patricio Aylwin became the next president.
Pinochet kept his responsibilities as head of the military until After this, he became a senator. He left the senate inbut he was not arrested because the Supreme Court of Chile said he suffered from dementia.
In Mayjudges said that was not true. On December 13 he was placed under house arrest. Judges in Spain tried to put him on trial for the many crimes he committed while leader of Chile. Death[ change change source ] Pinochet died from congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema on December 10, in SantiagoChile, a week after a heart attackaged His legacy is very controversial.
Some people think he was a murderous dictator who caused many people to lose their lives. Others support him and point out that Chile's economy improved greatly while he was in power.General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (November 25, – December 10, ) was a Chilean army general and president who led Chile from to He became leader after he overthrew Salvador Allende, a socialist president.
Sep 11, · General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, a career military officer, was appointed Commander in Chief of the Chilean army by President Salvador Allende on August Eighteen days later, with the connivance, if not the assistance, of the US, he authorised a coup against Allende’s Socialist government.
Dec 11, · A front-page obituary on Monday about Gen. Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, the Chilean dictator, omitted credits. The correspondents Larry Rohter and . Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, soldier and politician: born Valparaiso, Chile 25 November ; Colonel, Chilean Army , Brigadier-General , Divisional General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte presided over the longest period of authoritarian dictatorship in Chilean history.
The country is governed in accordance with the constitution of , approved by a plebiscite called by General Pinochet to change the constitution of Augusto Pinochet Ugarte presided over the longest period of authoritarian dictatorship in Chilean history.
The country is governed in accordance with the constitution of , approved by a plebiscite called by General Pinochet to change the constitution of