Euromaidan and Ukrainian revolution Percentage of people that indicated Russian as their native language in the Ukraine census.
Year in Review Ukraine: Year in Review Timelines of events Key events in Ukraine, — Ukraine declares its independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, a move that is overwhelmingly supported by Ukrainian voters in a referendum held on December 1. Leonid Kravchuk and Russian Pres.
Boris Yeltsin reach accords on Soviet-era military hardware located in Ukraine. In May Ukraine signs the Lisbon Protocol, agreeing to turn over its sizable nuclear arsenal to Russia.
The following month a preliminary deal is reached on the Sevastopol -based Black Sea Fleet, which would be administered jointly by Russia and Ukraine for a period of three years. The matter of the Black Sea Fleet is settled, with Russia receiving the bulk of the ships as well as an extended lease on port facilities in Sevastopol and the right to garrison up to 25, troops in Crimea.
Yushchenko introduces a series of financial reform measures that are credited with turning around the Ukrainian economy. In December the final reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is shut down.
In December Ukraine conducts its first postindependence census.
The most-dramatic demographic change is in Crimea, where someCrimean Tatars have returned to the peninsula. The Crimean Tatars were internally deported by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in and prohibited from returning to their ancestral home throughout the Soviet era.
Kuchma, although constitutionally cleared to seek a third term, instead supports the candidacy of his prime ministerViktor Yanukovych. Yushchenko, representing the opposition alliance Our Ukraine, suffers dioxin poisoning, allegedly at the hands of the Ukrainian State Security Service.
After Yanukovych and Yushchenko finish first-round voting in a virtual tie, Yanukovych is declared the winner after a second round is held in November. Widespread demonstrations erupt, as Yushchenko supporters take to the streets in a movement that comes to be known as the Orange Revolution.
In December the election results are annulled by the Supreme Court, and a second runoff is held, in which Yushchenko is victorious. Unable to agree on a coalition with Tymoshenko despite protracted negotiations, Yushchenko is forced to form a unity government with Yanukovych as prime minister.
Although the Party of Regions remains the largest single group in parliament, the real winner is Tymoshenko, who emerges as the most-recognizable political figure in Ukraine.
Tymoshenko proposes a budget that secures a multibillion-dollar loan from the International Monetary Fund IMFbut the IMF suspends disbursement after Party of Regions parliamentarians pass a bill that violates the terms of the agreement.
Upon taking power, he immediately moves to strengthen ties with Russia and bolster the executive power of the presidency. In December both Tymoshenko and her interior minister, Yuri Lutsenko, are charged with abuse of power in cases that are characterized as politically motivated by opposition leaders.
The verdict is widely criticized in the West. The following month a new round of charges are brought against her, alleging that Tymoshenko evaded taxes while heading an energy concern in the s. Maidan, Crimea, and the separatist movement, —14 April 7, Bowing to Western pressure, Yanukovych pardons Lutsenko and orders his release.Complete coverage on the crisis in Ukraine, including news, pictures & videos related to Russia's occupation.
Since , a war with Russia-backed separatists has killed 10, people in eastern Ukraine, Russia has annexed Crimea and Ukraine’s relationship with the European Union has suffered due to corruption and failed political reform.
Crisis Group supports and reports on implementation of the Minsk Agreement to turn a ceasefire between . Last week, Soros weighed in on the Ukraine crisis, recommending EU intervention to help save Ukrainian financial markets. “The EU, along with the International Monetary Fund, is putting together.
Ukrainian servicemen fire an artillery weapon in the direction of positions of the armed forces of the separatist self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic near Novoluhanske in Donetsk region, Ukraine, on 11 January, UCMC press center is a platform that allows civic activists, experts, politicians, authorities, diplomats and members of international community to conduct briefings regarding events and processes taking place in Ukraine.
Timeline: Ukraine's political crisis. Key events in Ukrainian anti-government protests that have been followed by political upheaval and international crisis.