Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. But even having said this Washington was already involved in the formation of one of the first political parties in America. In the beginning, before the Washington Administration, there were no parties; you were either for or against Congress and or independence.
The existence of only two dominant parties stems largely from election rules that provide for single-member districts and winner-take-all elections. Each "district" can have only one winner in any election, the person who receives the most votes. So no matter how popular a third party, it will not win a single seat in any legislature until it becomes powerful enough in a single district to take an election.
By contrast, many democracies have proportional representation, in which officials are elected based on the percentage of votes their parties receive, and more than two dominant parties.
If a party wins 10 percent of the vote in an election where seats are at stake, it gets to have 10 of the seats. In a multiparty system, parties may form a coalition, an alliance between parties, to pool their votes if there is agreement on a major issue.
Proportional representation encourages the formation of parties that are based on narrowly defined interests. The Electoral College is also a factor in sustaining the two-party system.
Even if the popular vote in a state is very close, the winner gets all of the state's electoral votes. This arrangement makes it extremely difficult for a third party to win.
In the presidential election, Ross Perot captured almost 20 percent of the popular vote across the country but did not receive a single electoral vote. The Federalists and the Democratic Republicans Although the Constitution does not provide for political parties, two factions quickly emerged.
One group, led by John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, favored business development, a strong national government, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
The followers of Thomas Jefferson, known as Democratic Republicans, called for a society based on small farms, a relatively weak central government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution.
The election of had constitutional implications. The party's electors split their ballots for both men, resulting in a tie that was resolved in the House of Representatives.
The Twelfth Amendmentwhich required electors to vote separately for president and vice president, recognized that political parties would nominate one candidate for each office. Jacksonian Democrats and the Whigs During the s, with the country expanding and many states dropping their property qualifications for voting, the size of the electorate grew.
Andrew Jackson took advantage of this change, and from his election inthe Democrats represented an alliance of small farmers, Westerners, and "mechanics," the term used for the working class.
The Whig Party supported business, a national bank, and a strong central government. When the Whigs broke up in the s, they were replaced by the Republican Party. This period saw important changes in how political parties operate.
In the presidential election ofcandidates were chosen through a national convention of representatives from the states' parties, and a party platform, a statement of the party's beliefs and goals, was issued.
Democrats and Republicans The Civil War split the political parties in several ways. The Republican party's strength lay in the North; Abraham Lincoln did not receive a single electoral vote from a Southern state in Development of political parties essay writing Cyber bullying essay introduction.
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